species

facts

Lion Image
© Love Africa Marketing

Lion

Size:

Scientific Name:

Conservation Status:

CITES Listing:

Natural Habitat:

Global Wild Population:

Human Uses:

130 – 190 kg

Panthera Leo

Vulnerable

Appendix II

African savannah

± 20,000

Tourism, trophy hunting, bone trade

FUN FACT!

Lions are the only cats that live in groups or families, called Prides.

FUN FACT!

An adult lion’s roar can be heard up to 8 km away.

Tiger Image
© James Souchon

Tiger

Size:

Scientific Name:

Conservation Status:

CITES Listing:

Natural Habitat:

Global Wild Population:

Human Uses:

130 – 350 kg

Panthera Tigris

Endangered

Appendix I

Asian forests

± 3,900

Tourism, trophy hunting, skins, (illegal) bone trade

FUN FACT!

Tigers are great swimmers and love the water, unlike other big cat species

FUN FACT!

No two tigers have the same stripe pattern, they are all unique

Cheetah Image
© Louise de Waal

Cheetah

Size:

Scientific Name:

Conservation Status:

CITES Listing:

Natural Habitat:

Global Wild Population:

Human Uses:

21 – 72 kg

Acinonyx jubatus

Vulnerable

Appendix I

African savannah

± 7,100

Tourism

FUN FACT!

Cheetah are the fastest land mammal and can reach speeds as high as 130 km per hour.

FUN FACT!

You can tell a cheetah apart from a leopard by the black lines that run from their inner eye to their mouth.

Leopard Image
© Louise de Waal

Leopard

Size:

Scientific Name:

Conservation Status:

CITES Listing:

Natural Habitat:

Global Wild Population:

Human Uses:

40 – 90 kg

Panthera P. Pardus

Vulnerable

Appendix I

Wide range

± 3,000-12,000

Tourism, trophy hunting, skins

FUN FACT!

Leopards are often spotted in trees, and are the most skilled climbers of all the big cats.

FUN FACT!

A leopard’s spots aren’t spots at all, but are called “rosettes” because their shape looks like a rose.

Serval Image

serval

Size:

Scientific Name:

Conservation Status:

CITES Listing:

Natural Habitat:

Global Wild Population:

Human Uses:

7 – 18 kg

Leptailurus serval

Least Concern

Appendix II

African savannah

Unknown

Tourism, trophy hunting, skins

FUN FACT!

Servals have the longest legs of any cat, relative to their body size.

FUN FACT!

Servals are the most successful hunters of all the big cat species with a 50% success rate, compared to lions which have a 10% success rate.

Caracal Image
© Louise de Waal

caracal

Size:

Scientific Name:

Conservation Status:

CITES Listing:

Natural Habitat:

Global Wild Population:

Human Uses:

8 – 19 kg

Caracal caracal

Least Concern

Appendix II

African savannah

Unknown

Tourism, trophy hunting

FUN FACT!

The long black ear tufts are unique to the caracal, and can get as long as 4.5 cm.

FUN FACT!

Like all cats, a caracal’s whiskers are attached in a unique pattern, like a fingerprint